Women in New Jersey who focus on their careers later in life face challenges based on both gender and age stereotypes. Although many people harbor negatives associations about both older men and women, people judge older women more harshly on their physical appearance than older men according to a study by the National Bureau of Economic Research.
Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibits employers in New Jersey from discriminating against workers. Mistreatment inspired by someone's race, religion, national origin or sex is illegal for employers. However, federal law fails people who work for small companies or private households. Federal law only applies to employers with 15 or more employees.
Employees who are victims of sexual harassment may face hurdles when it comes to speaking out about their experiences. This is because employers put arbitration clauses inside of their contracts. Therefore, victims don't have the right to go to court to pursue legal action, and they generally can't appeal an arbitrator's decision. One attorney even stopped defending employers after finding out what their contracts said.
According to data from ProPublica, IBM has gotten rid of roughly 20,000 workers aged 40 and older over the past five years. That is roughly 60 percent of those who work for the company. This has been accomplished by asking older employees to take early retirement, laying them off or simply terminating them outright. In some cases, workers in New Jersey and around the country were terminated and rehired as consultants.
Employers in New Jersey and the rest of the U.S. are prohibited from discriminating against workers in all aspects of employment on the basis of certain protected statuses. Recently, Google was sued by a former employee of Youtube for its allegedly discriminatory recruiting and hiring practices.
In fiscal year 2017, there were 84,254 charges of discrimination in the workplace made by New Jersey residents and others in America. During that same period of time, the EEOC was able to resolve 99,109 charges and reduce case inventory to 61,621. That was a 16.2 percent reduction during fiscal year 2017, and it was also the lowest number in a decade.
The Equal Pay Act offers workers in New Jersey one route for addressing claims of gender wage discrimination. A lawsuit in Maryland citing this law has regained new life after an appeals court ruled that the case should be remanded back to the district court for further consideration. The lower court had originally dismissed it on the grounds that the plaintiffs had not presented sufficient evidence to support their claim.
Some New Jersey Facebook users might have seen jobs ads from companies such as Amazon, Verizon and Goldman Sachs that were specifically targeted to them because of their age. This has raised concerns that this could constitute age discrimination. However, a Facebook vice-president said the targeting is no different from when companies run job ads in publications that are aimed at particular demographics.
New Jersey residents may have heard about lawsuits against Tesla regarding allegations of ageism and gender discrimination. It has also faced a lawsuit related to racial discrimination that was filed in October 2017. On Nov. 13, another race discrimination lawsuit was filed in Alameda County Superior Court in California by an employee at the company's factory in Fremont.
Like most states in the U.S., New Jersey law specifies that employment is "at-will," which means that that employees are free to quit their jobs for any reason if they have not signed an employment contract. Employers are also free to terminate employment without cause.